01 Implement Responsibility
No cases were found in the community,
03 Cases or Outbreaks in Community
04 Community Spread Epidemic
05 Residents’ Health Guidance
First, the implementation of the main responsibility.
Compact the “four-party responsibility” of the territory, departments, units and individuals, and implement the network of grass-roots communities (villages, towns and villages) and units.
Personalized management, guidance to do a good job in the area and the unit personnel contact arrangement and health monitoring registration work, the key places, key population and key links to carry out body temperature monitoring, as soon as possible to find suspicious cases.
(2) Promoting joint defense, joint control and coordinated prevention and control.
The departments worked together to promptly investigate personnel from areas with high epidemic risk, improve the efficiency of community touch and platoon work, and quickly track close contacts. Through video rolling, posting publicity materials, broadcasting and other means, the epidemic prevention knowledge is broadcast to improve the prevention awareness of community residents.
No cases were found in the community.
The implementation of the strategy of “foreign defense input” includes organization and mobilization, health education, information notification, management of returnees in key areas and high-risk areas, environmental sanitation management, material preparation, etc.
1. Organizational mobilization:
Communities should establish an organizational system for the prevention and control of novel coronavirus pneumonia, Street (township) and community (village) cadres, community health service centers and family doctors are the main ones. Residents and volunteers are encouraged to participate and form a full-time and part-time working team. Grid and blanket management are implemented. Responsibilities are transferred to people. Communities (villages), buildings (natural villages) and families are fully covered and prevention and control measures are implemented.
2. Health education:
Make full use of various means to carry out targeted publicity on novel coronavirus pneumonia prevention and control knowledge and actively advocate hygiene.
In addition to bad habits, abandon uncivilized behaviors such as littering and spitting, and create a good atmosphere of “everyone is the first responsible person for his own health” and “my health is my decision”. To enable the masses to fully understand health knowledge, master the key points of protection, develop good habits of hand hygiene, more ventilation and keeping clean, reduce travel, avoid attending assemblies and parties, take public transportation or go to crowded places to do a good job of protection, wear masks, and avoid contact with animals (especially wild animals), poultry or their excrement.
3. Information notification:
Information on medical treatment is released to the public. Patients with respiratory symptoms and no fever go to community health service centers (township hospitals), patients with fever go to fever clinics, and patients infected with Novel Coronavirus go to designated hospitals. Daily release of local and community epidemic information to prompt travel and travel risks.
4. Management of returnees in key and high-risk areas:
The community should issue a notice requiring returnees from key epidemic prevention and control areas and high-risk areas to immediately register with the village branch or community where they are located, and accept centralized or home isolation for 14 days according to regulations. Those who return home from all key areas and high-risk areas with fever and respiratory symptoms shall seek medical treatment nearby in a timely manner for investigation, and shall be isolated at home or at a government-designated place or hospital as required. Please keep in touch with local medical personnel or CDC during isolation.
For follow-up observation.
5. Environmental sanitation governance:
Communities (villages, towns and villages) carry out comprehensive vector control with environmental improvement as the main and drug disinfection as the auxiliary.
residential areas, garbage transfer stations, construction sites and other key places to carry out sanitary clean-up, disposal of garbage and dirt, eliminate rats, cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies and other vector breeding environment. Timely organize and carry out comprehensive vector control and disinfection to effectively reduce vector density.
6. Material preparation:
The supply and management of materials for medical institutions shall be under the responsibility of a special person, with unified management and allocation, so as to ensure that the monthly settlement of the day and the Qing Dynasty is consistent with the actual accounts. Each community health service center (township health center) shall, in accordance with the management principle of “classification, classification and quota”, implement different levels of protective measures according to the requirements of the community or prevention and control, and distribute corresponding prevention and control materials according to different tasks and quota of the number of workers. Communities and families are equipped with necessary prevention and control articles and materials, such as thermometers, masks, disinfection articles, etc. Material support for community residents ensures the purchase of materials through e-commerce orders, supplier distribution and other means. Encourage the development of open square trading of daily materials, supermarkets limited time flow business, to avoid residents centralized procurement, pick-up and delivery of materials. Organize special personnel to do a good job for the elderly, the disabled, single-parent families and other materials procurement and distribution.
Cases or outbreaks in the community
Adopt the strategy of “internal non-proliferation and external anti-export”, specifically including the above six measures, as well as close contact management and strengthening disinfection.
7. Close contact management:
Give full play to the role of grid administrators such as community preventive and health care doctors, family contracted doctors and community cadres, carry out investigation and implement centralized isolation medical observation on close contacts of confirmed cases in novel coronavirus pneumonia, and adopt home isolation medical observation in areas that do not have the conditions, and strengthen the management of home observation objects. Follow up the health status of close contacts every day, guide the observation objects to monitor the changes of their own conditions, and make records at any time. Do a good job in the preparation of patient isolation control and transfer to designated hospitals.
The community should assist the disease control and prevention institutions to disinfect the epidemic spots such as case families, building units, unit offices and conference rooms, as well as clean and disinfect public places.
Community spread of epidemic
The strategy of “preventing spread inside and export outside” is adopted, specifically including the above-mentioned 8 measures, as well as 2 measures such as blocking epidemic areas and restricting the gathering of personnel.
9. Blockade of epidemic areas:
For communities designated as epidemic areas, when necessary, blockade measures can be taken to restrict the entry and exit of personnel, and temporary requisition of houses and transportation.
10. Restrictions on the gathering of persons:
In the community, people gathering activities such as fairs and assemblies will be restricted or stopped, and public places such as public baths, hot springs, cinemas, Internet cafes and shopping malls will be closed. Stop work, business or classes when necessary.
Residents’ Health Guidance
11. Maintain air circulation in indoor places such as families and buildings.
As far as possible, avoid going to closed public places with no air circulation and places where people are concentrated, and wear medical masks when going to public places where people gather or when talking with people.
12. Pay attention to personal hygiene.
When coughing or sneezing, paper towel should be used to bend the elbow socket to cover the mouth and nose to prevent the spread of droplets. Pay attention to hand hygiene. Cough, before meals and after defecation, contact with public goods (door handles or elevator buttons, etc.), after handling animal excrement, wash hands with running water; Or use alcohol-free hand sanitizer; Don’t touch the nasal cavity and eyes with your hands. Contaminated disposable items (paper towels, masks, gloves, etc.) should be placed in special garbage bags and the mouth of the bags should be tightly tied. Avoid sharing daily items (such as toothbrushes, tableware, towels, bed sheets, etc.).
13. Care for special groups
For the elderly, children, patients with chronic diseases and other special groups, provide 24-hour telephone or online consultation services. According to community conditions, necessary on-site medical services can be provided for people living alone or with mobility difficulties.
Fight against the epidemic, start with me!
Source: Jiangsu Center for Disease Control and Prevention